After the relaxation and the rest of the summer, many people find it difficult to cope with the return to work and the routine, which causes a general decay of their physical and psychic state. As a solution to this general fatigue, it is normal to recommend vitamin supplementation but is it always necessary? Can multivitamins be harmful?
WHAT ARE MULTIVITAMINS?
Multivitamins are nutritional supplements that contain and provide a combination of vitamins and minerals that the body needs to function properly. Specifically, 13 vitamins: A, C, D, E, K, and vitamins B (niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, biotin, folic acid, pantothenic acid, B6, and B12).
They also usually contribute minerals like iron, iodine, magnesium, etc.
These nutrients are vital in very small amounts for our health, as they serve as the basis for many vital functions: brain functions, muscle contraction, fluid balance, immunity and energy production, etc.
Many vitamins and minerals are considered “essential” nutrients. This means that the body is not able to produce them. When it is not possible to contribute through the diet the quantities that the organism needs of these micronutrients to function properly, it is necessary to contribute them through the supplements or nutritional supplements.
DO I NEED TO TAKE VITAMIN SUPPLEMENTS?
Under normal conditions, a healthy, varied and balanced diet should provide us with the daily recommended amounts that the body requires of these micronutrients. However, with the lifestyle we are currently wearing, this is very difficult at times. On the other hand, there are certain physiological and/or deficiency states in which feeding alone is not able to provide us with the amounts we need: pregnancy, convalescence of a disease, periods of study, after vacation, spring, asthenia, etc.
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At times when the body is under defenses or requires more of a vitamin or mineral, it is when you need to resort to a multivitamin.
Excess fat-soluble vitamins A, E, D and K supplements can accumulate in the body’s fatty deposits and might generate toxic in the body.
TIPS BEFORE TAKING A MULTIVITAMIN
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist before buying any multivitamin and start taking it, see whether it is appropriate and/or necessary at that time and what is best for you, based on your wants, needs, and symptoms. Some vitamins can have serious side effects if taken under certain health conditions or if taken with other medications. Do not take vitamins without consulting your doctor especially if you have a chronic illness or consume other medications.
- Supplement to the diet. That should be the premise with which vitamin and mineral supplements are used and a real need or the proposal on the part of the doctor or the sanitary specialist after to have studied in detail the symptoms that can drive these deficiencies.
- Remember that more is not always better. Some vitamins and minerals that are essential for life can cause toxicity if taken in excess, if combined with certain medications, according to the physical condition or illness of who takes them or the physiological situation of the person at that time.
- Vitamins are fat-soluble (fat soluble, are stored in fatty tissue) and others are water soluble (not stored in the body, are excreted in the urine). Excessive consumption of the former can become very harmful to the body and generate toxicity.
- Some vitamins and minerals can interfere with some medications, always consult before taking them.
- The multivitamins that are good for adults usually not be for children as the recommended daily amounts of each other are not equal. Consult your pediatrician which would be the most recommended for your child.